Materials

The Cocon fabric dreams by Connyie Rethmann are made specifically for each individual collection. By choosing all threads and fabrics carefully, taking care that all materials are natural, and by processing them with precision, we are able to guarantee a superior quality.


Made from plants

Cotton – the favourite plant in the clothing industry.

Cotton is the best known natural fibre and the most used textile fibre in the clothing industry. It has been used to make clothes for centuries, although in the Middle Ages, people in Europe still thought that cotton grew on trees. Today, we know that it grows on low shrubs belonging to the mallow family. Once the fruit is ripe, it bursts open and releases thousands of seed fibres. The seeds are harvested and then the cotton fibres are spun and processed.

Besides conventional cotton, more and more certified organic cotton is being used in the clothing industry. Certified organic cotton is grown in mixed cultivation and crop rotation without the use of chemical fertilisers or synthetic pesticides. It is also harvested by hand, i.e. without the use of chemical defoliants. In addition, the organically grown cotton is guaranteed not to contain genetically modified organisms.

Cotton is soft, skin-friendly and comfortable to wear. It is also very hardwearing and tear-proof. Another characteristic is its great absorbability. It can absorb up to 20% of its own weight in moisture.

Linen – not only great in summer

Linen has already been used for clothing since the Stone Age and, along with leather, fur and wool, is probably the oldest fabric material in the world. In an elaborate process, the linen fibres are won from the stalks of flax plants. Linen has a very smooth, slightly matt and shiny surface, repels dirt and does not give off fluff. Its absorbability and property to quickly release moisture again make this fabric ideal for summer. Another advantage: it is extremely hard-wearing and tear-proof.

Ramie – the fast-growing

Ramie is one of the rarest and most precious plant fibres in the world and is mainly cultivated in the tropic regions of Asia. This fibre is won from the stalks of a nettle-type plant. The plant is so incredibly fast-growing that it can be cut up to 6 times per year in tropical countries. As it is naturally resistant against pests, the use of pesticides is hardly necessary. The fibre is very fine and therefore ideal for delicate fabrics like batiste and voile. Another advantage is that the fibre does not need to be bleached, as it is naturally as white as snow. The bast fibre has a precious sheen, is very hard-wearing and tear-proof. In addition, it does not fuzz and – like cotton and linen – can absorb a lot of moisture thanks to its structure.

Hemp – the versatile

Hemp is won from the stalks of cannabis plants. The history of the cannabis plant can be traced back to the 2nd millennium BC, where it was used as remedy and intoxicant. But it was also already used as a source of fibres. Fabrics made from hemp fibres are extremely hard-wearing, suitable for the hot wash, do not crease and become softer and smoother the more they are used. It is no wonder then that the crusaders used to wear hemp clothes beneath their armour, and the soldiers of the Russian army were provided with hemp underwear in WWII.

Jute – the golden

Jute is originally from the Mediterranean area and spread towards Asia from there. The pant belongs to the linden family and grows up to 2-5 metres high. Jute fibres are won from one-year-old jute plants by a special roasting technique. Jute was initially used as a boiled vegetable in Asia, but in the 19th century, Scotland began processing the fibres mechanically to make fabrics. Like all natural fibres, jute is completely bio-degradable. Due to its golden, silky sheen, the fibre is also called “golden fibre”. Thanks to their structure, jute fibres can absorb a lot of moisture, which is ideal for dying.

Viscose – the colour lover

Viscose is made of natural cellulose, usually of beech or spruce wood. Bamboo fibres are also sometimes used. This makes viscose a natural material, which is produced industrially on a chemical basis. As a synthetic fibre of natural origin, this material combines the best of both worlds. Viscose fabrics are great for dyeing, and colours remain vibrant – even when washed frequently. Clothes made from this wonderfully soft material look light and elegant.

Lyocell – the functional

Lyocell – also known as Tencel – is of botanical origin. Like viscose, it is made of cellulose. The fibres as such are produced in a closed circuit system and are therefore especially environmentally friendly. The bio-degradable fibre is made from Asian eucalyptus wood grown in sustainably managed forests. The fibre is almost as warming as virgin wool, cools similarly well to linen and is also extremely absorbent. Lyocell is a very tear-resistant and durable material.


Made from animals

Silk – the precious

Silk is the most delicate of all the natural fibres – although, strictly speaking, it is not a fibre at all, but a thread made from the cocoons of the silkworm. Silk is originally from China, and the Chinese kept the secret of how to make silk to themselves for millennia. In China, sericulture (silkworm farming) was under imperial protection, and silk fabrics were so precious that they were literally worth their weight in gold. Silk is very skin-friendly, both in cold and hot weather. Like wool, it can absorb a lot of moisture without feeling soggy. The elastic and tear-resistant material has a beautiful sheen and a soft and flowing character. Typical silk fabrics are chiffon, noil silk, organza and satin.

Wool – the climate expert

When speaking of wool, we usually mean sheep’s wool. But other so-called luxury fibres such as mohair, cashmere, llama and camel hair are also, essentially, wool. The label “virgin wool” may only be used, when the wool is taken from living, healthy sheep. Like silk, wool is made of protein fibres, which have a structure that give it excellent insulation properties. It can absorb large amounts of moisture without feeling wet. And its natural elasticity makes it resistant to creases. Another amazing fact is that wool is essentially self-cleaning. Clothes made from wool regenerate quickly when exposed to fresh air and only need to be washed rarely.

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